Cornet

More informations

Description

Instrument made of metal, with three valves in the central part and hemispherical shape mouthpiece on the rear. The instrument is tuned in B Flat, and its range goes from F#2 up to C5. Some musicians have gone one octave higher or more. The museum’s specimen does not have a mouthpiece, leadpipe and one of the valves is missing.

To learn more

The cornet appeared for the first time around 1828, at that time the instrument had two valves and some loops. Regarding its physical aspect and its execution technique, the cornet is quite similar to the trumpet, but it has a softer and less shiny sonority. This happens especially because the cornet’s mouthpiece is hemispherical shaped and is deeper than that of the trumpet, which grants the softer timber. These characteristics of the mouthpiece also give the cornet a greater agility, and this is why the instrument has been quickly accepted in the orchestra formation, having been used by composers like Hector Berlioz (1803-69), César Frank (1822-90), Georges Bizet (1838-1875) and Edward Elgar (1857-1934). At present the cornet is the main treble instrument in brass bands and in military bands, and it is also very much used in jazz.

General data (classification and additional names)

423.232 Valve horns

Cornet in B flat (Source: MINERVA DATABASE, 2014), piston horn (Source: SADIE, 1994)

Specimen’s data (this item specifically)

mvim_dc_ae_0075

sec. XX d.C.

L= 33cm W 15cm H= 12cm

Original inscription on the bell: "SY STLME PROTOTY PE F. BESSON BREVETÉ S.C.D.G. 96 RUE D' ANGOULEME PARIS." Original inscription on the pistons: "16", "17 49938 F BESSON Bte S.C.D.G ", "18". Original inscription: drawing of a star (manufacturer’s trademark). Later inscription: "Instituto Nacional de Música".

Non determined

MIDC/EM/UFRJ Aerofones 423.2 I6 Prat.27

Bibliography

ALMEIDA, 1994.
BASE MINERVA, 2014.
BERKLEY, 2009.
BETHENCOURT; BORDAS; CANO; CARVAJAL; SOUZA; DIAS; LUENGO; PALACIUS; PIQUER, ROCHA, RODRIGUEZ; RUBIALES; RUIZ, 2012.
BRANDÃO, 2013.
MIMO, 2014.
ROLLA, 1974.
SADIE, 1994.

Notes

Serial number: 49938